Key information:

Official Name: GAIUS JULIUS CAESAR

Birthdate: July 12 or 13, 100 BCE

Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Reign: Named dictator for life in 44 BCE. Exact date is disputed, but the historical consensus is either January or February. 

(Plutarch, Life of Caesar, 57.1)

Marriages:

Cossutia (disputed)
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 1.2)

Cornelia (84–69 BCE)
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 1.2)

Pompeia (67–61 BCE)
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 6.2)

Calpurnia (59-44 BCE)
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 21.1)

Children:

Julia (daughter by Cornelia)
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 1.2)

Caesarion (son by Cleopatra)
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 52)

Statue of Julius Caesar on the Via dei Fori Imperiali, Rome, 28th July 2019
Bust (likely) depicting Julius Caesar, the British Museum, London, found at Sanctuary of Athena Polias in Priene, Turkey, May 28th 2016.
Colossal Bust  depicting Julius Caesar, National Archaeological Museum of Napoli, Napoli, October 12th 2019.

Listen now to Darius Arya’s podcast about Julius Caesar’s assassination on the Ides of March 44 BC:

Famous facts and dates

52
Defeated Vercingetorix at the Battle of Alesia in September 52 BCE, bringing Gaul under Roman control.
(Plutarch, Life of Caesar, 27)
48
Defeated Pompey at the Battle of Pharsalus on August 9, 48 BCE, establishing him as sole ruler of the Roman republic.
(Plutarch, Life of Caesar, 42-46)
45
Created the Julian calendar, which was adopted by the Roman state on January 1 45 BCE
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 40) (source: Plutarch, Life of Caesar, 59.1)
42
Defied by the senate after death on January 1 42 BCE
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 76.1)
44
The month Quintilis was renamed after him in 44 BCE
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 88.1)

Related monuments in Rome

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Recommended books
:

Caesar: Life of a Colossus

BUY (Amazon)

The Death of Caesar: The Story of History’s Most Famous Assassination

BUY (Amazon)

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Cite this page as: Darius Arya, The American Institute for Roman Culture, “Julius Caesar” Ancient Rome Live. Last modified 02/07/2021. https://ancientromelive.org/julius-caesar/

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