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The Dacian was a Thracian people that lived in modern-day Romania.  They came in conflict with Rome as it expanded, but wars never reached their climax until Trajan declared war on Dacia in 102.  After Rome tons the wars, he introduced a steady, constant image of the conquered foe throughout his imperial monuments, including Trajan’s Column, forum, arch, basilica. A number of these Dacian, with skull-cap Phyrgian cap. pants, boots, and unkempt beard (often depicted with colored marbles like pavonazzetto and big morato), were also reused as symbolic decorations in later monuments, most particularly on Constantine’s Arch by the Colosseum.

Where can you see the Dacian in Rome?

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Cite this page as: Darius Arya, The American Institute for Roman Culture, “The Dacian” Ancient Rome Live. Last modified 11/16/2019.


Created by The American Institute of Roman Culture, published on 10/24/2019 under the following license: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.