The Forum took its true form and shape in the period of the Republic. The Senate and Comitium represented the power of the Senate. The massive Temples of Saturn on the Capitoline and Temple of the Castors at the base of the Palatine created a new semblance of monumentality in fifth century Rome. Open-air meeting spaces and houses lined with shops gave way to the new basilica halls in the second century BC, for multiple tribunals and well as more impressive shops and second story loggias, on three sides of the forum (for a total of four basilicas). The basilicas on the north and south sides were rebuilt in the imperial period on a grander scale, with more luxurious materials, i.e., marble from throughout the empire.
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Cite this page as: Darius Arya, The American Institute for Roman Culture, “Forum Romanum (Roman Forum) – Republican Period” Ancient Rome Live. Last modified 09/15/2020. https://ancientromelive.org/forum-romanum-roman-forum-republican-period/
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