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Key information:


Birthdate: September 19, 86 CE.

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus, 1)

Birthplace: Lanuvium, Italy.

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus, 1)

Reign: Antoninus Pius was named emperor in the will of his predecessor, Hadrian. He became emperor on July 11, 138 CE.

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus, 4-5)

Marriages: Antoninus Pius was married to Faustina the Elder for nearly 30 years. The two were devoted to each other and were extremely close. After Faustina’s death in 140 CE, Antoninus Pius minted coins, erected statues, and built a temple in her honor. He also established a charity in her name that cared for orphaned girls. 

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus, 5.2, 6.7, 8.2)

Children: Faustina the Elder and Antoninus Pius had four children together. Only one, Faustina the Younger, survived till adulthood. 

Marcus Aurelius Fulvius Antoninus (son by Faustina)

Marcus Galerius Aurelius Antoninus (son by Faustina)

Aurelia Fadilla (daughter by Faustina)

Faustina the Younger (daughter by Faustina)

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus Pius, 10.2) (Inscriptions on the Mausoleum of Hadrian)

Death: Antoninus Pius died of natural causes in the city of Lorium, Italy. He died on March 7, 161 CE. 

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus, 12)

Bust of Antoninus Pius, British Museum, London, March 2022
Statue of Antoninus Pius, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome, December 2018.
Colossal Head of Antoninus Pius, Galleria Borghese, Rome, September 2022.

Famous facts and dates

Antoninus Pius oversaw (from Rome) a successful military campaign against the Celts in southern Scotland. After this operation, he built the fortification known as the Antonine Wall - parts of which are still visible today.
(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus, 5)
Antoninus Pius ruled over a two decade period of empire-wide peace and stability. During this time, there were no major revolts or invasions.
(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus, 9)
Antoninus Pius’ last words were aequanimitas (equanimity).
(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus, 12)

Related monuments in Rome

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Cite this page as: Darius Arya, The American Institute for Roman Culture, “Antoninus Pius” Ancient Rome Live. Last modified 09/22/2022.


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