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Key information:

Official Name: ANNIA GALERIA FAUSTINA AUGUSTA

Birthdate: Faustina was born on February 16, around 100 CE. 

(Calendar Inscriptions: InscrIt-13-02, 00043)

Birthplace: Unknown.

Reign: Antoninus Pius, Faustina’s husband, became emperor in 138 CE. She held the title of empress until her death in 140 CE. 

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus Pius, 5 & 6.7)

Marriages:

Antoninus Pius (? – 140 CE)

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus Pius, 5.2 & 6.7)

Children:

Faustina and Antoninus Pius had four children together. Only one, Faustina the Younger, survived till adulthood.

Marcus Aurelius Fulvius Antoninus (son by Antoninus Pius)

Marcus Galerius Aurelius Antoninus (son by Antoninus Pius)

Aurelia Fadilla (daughter by Antoninus Pius)

Faustina the Younger (daughter by Antoninus Pius)

(Inscriptions on the Mausoleum of Hadrian) (Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus Pius, 10.2)

Death: Faustina died of natural causes in 140 CE.

(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus Pius, 6.7)

Bust of Faustina Major, Centrale Montemartini, Rome, February 2019
Portrait of Faustina Major, Ostia Antiquarium, Ostia, June 2019.
Statue of Faustina Major as Ceres or Fortuna, Musei Capitolini, Rome, November 2018.

Famous facts and dates

138
In 138 CE, Faustina was given the prestigious title augusta by her husband Antoninus Pius and the Roman Senate.
(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus Pius, 5.2)
140
Faustina and her husband Antoninus Pius were devoted to each other and were extremely close. After her death, Antoninus Pius minted coins, erected statues, and held games in her honor. He also established a charity in her name that cared for orphaned girls.
(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus Pius, 6.7 & 8.2)
140
After her death, Faustina was deified by her husband Antoninus Pius. He also had a temple built in her honor in the Roman forum, part of which still stands today.
(Historia Augusta, Life of Antoninus Pius, 6.7)

 

Related monuments in Rome

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Cite this page as: Darius Arya, The American Institute for Roman Culture, “Faustina the Elder” Ancient Rome Live. Last modified 1/20/2022. https://ancientromelive.org/faustina1/

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