Skip to main content

Key information:


Birthdate: September 23, 63 BCE.

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 5.1)

Birthplace: Rome, Italy.

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 5.1)

Reign: Became sole ruler of the Roman Empire after his victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium on September 2, 31 BCE. Was named “augustus” and “princeps” by the Roman senate on January 16, 27 BCE.

(Suetonius, Life of Augusts, 7 & 17)


Clodia Pulchra (42–40 BC)

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 62)

Scribonia (40–38 BC)

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 62)

Livia (37 BC–AD 14)

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 62)


Julia (daughter by Scribonia)

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 63)

Death: Died on August 19, 14 CE in Nola, Italy. Suetonius states that he died of natural causes, but Tacitus and Cassius Dio report that he may have been poisoned by his wife Livia.

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 99) (Tacitus, Annals, 1.5) (Cassius Dio, Roman History, 56.30)

Statue of Augustus from Prima Porta, Vatican Museums, April 2017
Portrait of Augustus, Copenhagen Glyptotek, September 18th 2018.
Statue of Augustus as Pontifex Maximus from the Via Labicana, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome, October 20th 2018.

Listen now to Darius Arya’s podcast about the Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace) that celebrates the emperor Augustus and his family:

Famous facts and dates

Was named heir to Julius Caesar following his assassination. He inherited Caesar’s name, as well as the majority of his fortune and estates.
(Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 83)
In October 42 BCE, Augustus defeated the armies of Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi. He fought alongside Mark Antony, his partner in the Second Triumvirate.
(Appian, The Civil Wars, 4.105-138)
On September 2, 31 BCE, Augustus defeated the forces of Mark Antony and Queen Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium. This victory established him as the sole ruler of the Roman Empire.
(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 17)
Granted the title "augustus" by the Roman senate (translates to majestic or venerable).
(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 7)
The month Sexitillis (now August) was renamed after him.
(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 31.2)
Augustus was emperor during the disastrous Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, in which three legions under the command of Publius Quinctilius Varus were destroyed by a Germanic army. After hearing news of the defeat, Augustus cried out “Quintilius Varus, give me back my legions!” and entered a period of mourning in which he refused to cut his beard or hair.
(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 23) (Cassius Dio, Roman History, 56.18-24)
After his death, Augustus was declared a god.
RIC I (second edition) Tiberius 24 & (Cassius Dio, Roman History, 56.41)

Related monuments in Rome

This content is brought to you by The American Institute for Roman Culture, a 501(C)3 US Non-Profit Organization.

Please support our mission to aid learning and understanding of ancient Rome through free-to-access content by donating today.

Cite This Page

Cite this page as: Darius Arya, The American Institute for Roman Culture, “Augustus” Ancient Rome Live. Last modified 03/19/2021.


Created by The American Institute of Roman Culture, published on 03/03/2021 under the following license: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.