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Key information:


Birthdate: September 23, 63 BCE

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 5.1)

Birthplace: Rome, Italy

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 5.1)

Reign: Became sole ruler of the Roman Empire after his victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium on September 2, 31 BCE. Was named “augustus” and “princeps” by the Roman senate on January 16, 27 BCE.

(Suetonius, Life of Augusts, 7 & 17)


Clodia Pulchra (42–40 BC)

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 62)


Scribonia (40–38 BC)

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 62)


Livia (37 BC–AD 14)

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 62)


Julia (daughter by Scribonia)

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 63)

Death: Died on August 19, 14 CE in Nola, Italy. Suetonius states that he died of natural causes, but Tacitus and Cassius Dio report that he may have been poisoned by his wife Livia.

(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 99) (Tacitus, Annals, 1.5) (Cassius Dio, 56.30)

Statue of Augustus from Prima Porta, Vatican Museums, April 2017
Portrait of Augustus, Copenhagen Glyptotek, September 18th 2018.
Statue of Augustus as Pontifex Maximus from the Via Labicana, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome, October 20th 2018.

Listen now to Darius Arya’s podcast about the Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace) that celebrates the emperor Augustus and his family:

Famous facts and dates

Defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium on September 2, 31 BCE, establishing him as the sole ruler of the Roman Empire.
(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 17)
Granted the title "augustus" by the Roman senate (translates to majestic or venerable).
(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 7)
The month Sexitillis was renamed after him.
(Suetonius, Life of Augustus, 31.2)

Related monuments in Rome

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Cite this page as: Darius Arya, The American Institute for Roman Culture, “Augustus” Ancient Rome Live. Last modified 03/19/2021.


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